Enhancing Current Practices in Risk Assessment for Youth Offending: A Two-Part Study
- Degree Grantor:
- University of California, Santa Barbara. Counseling, Clinical & School Psychology
- Degree Supervisor:
- Erin Dowdy
- Place of Publication:
- [Santa Barbara, Calif.]
- University of California, Santa Barbara
- Creation Date:
- Issued Date:
- Psychology, Psychometrics and Psychology, Developmental
- Positive psychology,
Youth offenders, and
- Dissertations, Academic and Online resources
- Ph.D.--University of California, Santa Barbara, 2012
Study 1: Describing Youth Offenders in Terms of Hope and Grit. Juvenile justice researchers and practitioners have not yet followed other social science disciplines and shifted their paradigm to a perspective based in mental wellness and positive psychology. To further understand the role of mental wellness as a protective factor associated with desisting from delinquency, this study investigated the presence of positive psychological traits of hope and grit (i.e., perseverance) within a youth offender population (N = 186). Due to differences in developmental trajectories for delinquency across gender, gender differences were examined; however, no significant differences were found. Results indicated that youth offenders had significantly lower levels of self-reported hope and grit when compared to other youth populations. In addition, a moderately low correlation between hope and risk for recidivism was observed. However, no significant differences were found between youth offender grit and a normative population, and grit was not significantly correlated with risk for recidivism. Implications for theory, research, and applied practice are discussed.
Keywords: positive psychology, youth offenders, hope, grit, gender.
Study 2: Enhancing Current Practices in Risk Assessment for Youth Offending. Based on resiliency theory, assessing for both risk and protective factors is necessary to identify individual outcomes; however, information regarding protective factors against recidivism for juvenile offenders is limited. In addition, empirically-supported self-reported dynamic traits of hostility and emotional regulation have not yet been incorporated into risk assessment. In a sample of 189 youth offenders, this study examined self-reported hostility, emotional regulation, hope, and grit in relation to six-month recidivism. Youth offender self-reported hostility, emotional regulation, hope, and grit yielded small- to medium-sized effects differentiating six-month recidivists from nonrecidivists, with hostility being the strongest (d = 0.50) and most consistent predictor of recidivism. This study also modeled youth self-reported hostility, emotional regulation, hope, and grit with hierarchical logistical regression while controlling for broader ecological risk factors to predict six-month recidivism. Results indicated self-reported hostility was the only significant predictor for six-month recidivism.
Keywords: youth offenders, hostility, emotional regulation, hope, grit, recidivism, risk assessment.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource (117 pages)
- UCSB electronic theses and dissertations
- Catalog System Number:
- Jennifer Twyford, 2011
- In Copyright
- Copyright Holder:
- Jennifer Twyford
|Access: This item is restricted to on-campus access only. Please check our FAQs or contact UCSB Library staff if you need additional assistance.|