Alexandria Digital Research Library

Laser based phosphor converted solid state white light emitters

Cantore, Michael
Degree Grantor:
University of California, Santa Barbara. Materials
Degree Supervisor:
Stephen P. DenBaars
Place of Publication:
[Santa Barbara, Calif.]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Creation Date:
Issued Date:
Engineering, Electrical engineering, and Materials science
Laser diode
White light
Dissertations, Academic and Online resources
Ph.D.--University of California, Santa Barbara, 2016

Artificial lighting and as a consequence the ability to be productive when the sun does not shine may be a profound achievement in society that is largely taken for granted. As concerns arise due to our dependence on energy sources with finite lifespan or environmentally negative effects, efforts to reduce energy consumption and create clean renewable alternatives has become highly valued. In the scope of artificial lighting, the use of incandescent lamps has shifted to more efficient light sources. Fluorescent lighting made the first big gains in efficiency over incandescent lamps with peak efficiency for mature designs reaching luminous efficacy of approximately 90 lm/W; more than three times as efficient as an incandescent lamp. Lamps based on light emitting diodes (LEDs) which can produce light at even greater efficiency, color quality and without the potential for hazardous chemical release from lamp failure. There is a significant challenge with LED based light sources. Their peak efficiency occurs at low current densities and then droops as the current density increases. Laser diodes (LDs) do not suffer from decreasing efficiency due to increased current.

An alternative solid state light source using LDs has potential to make further gains in efficiency as well as allow novel illuminant designs which may be impractical or even impossible even with LED or other conventional sources. While similar to LEDS, the use of LDs does present new challenges largely due to the increased optical power density which must be accommodated in optics and phosphor materials. Single crystal YAG:Ce has been shown to be capable of enduring this more extreme operating environment while retaining the optical and fluorescing qualities desired for use as a wavelength converter in phosphor converted LD based white emitting systems. The incorporation of this single crystal phosphor in a system with a commercial laser diode with peak wall plug efficiency of 31% resulted in emission of white light with a luminous efficacy of 86.7 lm/W at a current of 1.4A. A total luminous flux of 1100 lm with luminous efficacy of 76 lm/W at 3.0 A current was achieved. Simulations have been conducted which show that as the InGaN LD technology matures towards the efficiencies of about 75%, which has been observed in the GaAs material system, luminous efficacy of similar blue LD with single crystal YAG:Ce systems will exceed 200 lm/W.

Physical Description:
1 online resource (141 pages)
UCSB electronic theses and dissertations
Catalog System Number:
Inc.icon only.dark In Copyright
Copyright Holder:
Michael Cantore
Access: This item is restricted to on-campus access only. Please check our FAQs or contact UCSB Library staff if you need additional assistance.