Alexandria Digital Research Library

Improvements in Social Conversation in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder through Teaching Contingent Queries

Author:
Bahamondes, Crystal Mina
Degree Grantor:
University of California, Santa Barbara. Education
Degree Supervisor:
Robert L. Koegel
Place of Publication:
[Santa Barbara, Calif.]
Publisher:
University of California, Santa Barbara
Creation Date:
2012
Issued Date:
2012
Topics:
Education, Educational Psychology and Education, Special
Keywords:
Social conversation
Language
Social communication
Autism spectrum disorder
Contingent discourse
Genres:
Dissertations, Academic and Online resources
Dissertation:
Ph.D.--University of California, Santa Barbara, 2012
Description:

Impairments in social communication are widely recognized as one, if not, the core deficits in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Many of the social communicative behaviors that contribute to sustaining reciprocal conversation are lacking in children with ASD. Specifically, impairments include ignoring or rejecting conversational bids, deficits in sustaining conversation and contingently responding to conversational partners. In addition, researchers have noted children with ASD's impairment in asking appropriate questions during social conversation. Consequently, the development of interventions that target social communication deficits in this population is of marked importance. Naturalistic behavioral interventions have shown promising results in ameliorating the social communicative deficits in children with autism. In addition to demonstrating rapid acquisition and spontaneous use of the target behavior, these types of intervention usually demonstrate generalization effects and meaningful outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine whether intervention strategies incorporating motivational variables can improve the use of contingent queries. Furthermore, the study examined whether the improvements in contingent queries lead to improvements in conversational skills in children with autism. A nonconcurrent multiple baseline design across participants was employed to address the research question. The results indicated that the intervention led to (a) increased use of contingency queries in both environmental conversation and abstract conversation (b) increased synchronous discourse (c) increase in the diversity of responses and (d) increased turn taking during conversation. Furthermore, that data suggest both maintenance and generalization of treatment gains. Clinical and theoretical implications are discussed.

Physical Description:
1 online resource (81 pages)
Format:
Text
Collection(s):
UCSB electronic theses and dissertations
ARK:
ark:/48907/f36q1v5v
ISBN:
9781267294203
Catalog System Number:
990037518170203776
Rights:
Inc.icon only.dark In Copyright
Copyright Holder:
Crystal Bahamondes
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