Alexandria Digital Research Library

Bulk and monolayer ordering of block copolymer blends

Onikoyi, Adetunji J.
Degree Grantor:
University of California, Santa Barbara. Chemical Engineering
Degree Supervisor:
Edward J. Kramer
Place of Publication:
[Santa Barbara, Calif.]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Creation Date:
Issued Date:
Physics, General, Engineering, Chemical, and Engineering, Materials Science
Thin film
Phase behavior
Dissertations, Academic and Online resources
Ph.D.--University of California, Santa Barbara, 2013

The control of the nanoscale structure or morphology of a block copolymer is a desired goal for nanolithography applications. In this work, we are particularly interested in providing guides for controlling domain size, domain shape and defect densities in block copolymers and their blends for thin film applications. To reach this goal, a sphere forming PS-b-P2VP (having a PS majority block) and its blends with PS homopolymer or cylinder forming PS-b-P2VP are studied in both the bulk and thin films. Structure characterization is performed using a variety of experimental techniques including small angle X-ray scattering, scanning force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. In the bulk, the spherical domains of the pure, sphere forming PS-b-P2VP arrange on a BCC lattice. On adding PS homopolymer (hPS), the lattice parameter of the BCC spheres increases, while the order-to-disorder temperature (ODT) of the BCC lattice simultaneously decreases.

At a given hPS composition, the use of larger sized hPS leads to larger increases in the lattice parameter and larger decreases in the ODT. In bulk blends of cylinder forming PS-b-P2VP with sphere forming PS-b-P2VP, the ordered morphology changes (e.g., cylindrical morphology → coexisting spherical and cylindrical morphologies → spherical morphology) as the sphere forming PS-b-P2VP volume fraction phis increases, while the ODT of the cylindrical morphology decreases. The phase boundaries of these morphologies in monolayers shift to lower phis compared to those of the bulk, apparently caused by a selective adsorption of the cylindrical PS-b-P2VP to form a brush on the substrate. This selective adsorption leads to a preference for spherical domains in diamond-shaped lateral confinements when cylindrical domains are stabilized outside the confinements on the same substrate.

Finally, we explore the use of graphoepitaxy to order monolayers of sphere forming PS-b-P2VP and its blends with hPS. The probability of forming isolated dislocations, or of adding (or removing) a full row of spherical domains, in diamond-shaped lateral confinements is shown to be higher when the well size is incommensurate with the lattice parameter. Square-shaped lateral confinement leads to a preference for square sphere packing if the PS-b-P2VP is blended with appropriate amounts of hPS.

Physical Description:
1 online resource (261 pages)
UCSB electronic theses and dissertations
Catalog System Number:
Inc.icon only.dark In Copyright
Copyright Holder:
Adetunji Onikoyi
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